(During a Jewish leap-year: 6 Adar II - בִּשְׁנַת הָעִיבּוּר - ו אדר בּ)
With [the benefit of the above parable, the following teaching of] our Sages of Blessed Memory [in maseches “Birachos” (5a)], shall be understood: “Concerning] anyone for whom it is possible to involve himself in Torah [study] and he [nevertheless] does not involve [himself in Torah study], The Holy One, Blessed is He, brings distasteful appearing afflictions upon him and they devastate him, as it says [in “Tehillim”], “I am similar to a mute, I have been silent from that which is good, and my pain is devastating” (Tehillim: 39; 3), “good” [in the above pasuk] only referring to Torah.” ([The above mentioned punishment] is measure-for-measure, [for] since [this person who didn’t involve himself in Torah study has thereby] despised The Torah, and [treated] it as a vessel in which he had no desire, therefore he will also be made despicable in public-view).
 This teaching is found in “Ma’alos HaTorah” on pg. 45.
 Just as is evident from the parable brought in sefer “Ma’alos HaTorah”, that this lowly individual was raised up very high by the king, so too, The B’nei Yisrael were raised up to a very high level by HaShem, when He gave us The Torah. This individual, while being held in such high esteem by royalty and by the nobles of the land, instead rejects the honor that the king has bestowed upon him, therey showing his lack of regard for the king, to rather amuse himself with his prior desire of playing in the garbage. Though such an individual seems to take very extreme actions by rejecting the nobility, wealth, and honor that the king has bestowed upon him, in favor of garbage, The Chofetz Chaim teaches us that such an individual is actually comparable to the person who rejects and abandons involvement in Torah study in favor of the nonsense of the world. In fact, this individual, by abandoning The Torah, is committing a much more serious offense than the poor individual in the above parable, as the person who abandons The Torah, is showing lack of regard for HaShem, He being incomparably greater than any king.
 Targum Yonasan ben Uziel explains this pasuk as saying that the person’s pain has been made apparent due to their lack of involvement in Torah study.
 This teaching is quoted n the name of Rabbi Yochanan.